It is known as natural resource to each good and service that arises from nature directly, that is, without the need for man to intervene. These resources are of vital importance for the development of the human being, since they provide the possibility of obtaining food, producing energy and subsisting at a general level.
For the economy, which is science and art that specializes in the proper management of these resources, these are always insufficient in the face of the infinite needs of humanity.
In the case of natural resources, there are two classes: exhaustible resources , which will inevitably end at some point since they cannot occur again (such as Petroleum or mining holdings), and renewable resources (which can be regenerated, provided that exploitation is not excessive, such as forests).
These concepts allow us to understand why natural resources should be used conscientiously and in moderation. Fishing, for example, can extinguish a natural resource. If all the fish of a certain species are caught, it will be impossible to get new specimens born.
In the case of resources that cannot be renewed, there is talk of Reservations . Once these are consumed, there is no way to obtain these resources again since there is no way to manufacture, cultivate or regenerate them.
He value The economic situation of the group that combines non-renewable resources is usually linked to the shortage of said resource Yet the demand . When there are few reserves of a given one, its price increases.
Sustainable development and natural resources
Sustainable development is a way of life in which the impact of actions on the natural environment is first contemplated. It consists of seeking to appreciate the assets of the nature and use them responsibly, taking into account that any excess can have dire consequences for her, either in the immediate future or within hundreds of years.
It is about understanding that the human being is not the king of the universe, but someone else who lives there and that, just like animals and others do speciesYou must be respectful and think about the consequences of your interaction with the environment.
At present, most of the energy consumed on the planet comes from exhaustible resources, such as oil. Besides being talking about elements that sooner or later they will be scarce, it should be taken into account that the extraction of energy from them generates an environmental impact that is highly dangerous for the future. Therefore, bet on other sources, such as the Sun or the wind is a good alternative; if the ways of extracting the energy that sustains large cities from these last resources were implemented in the world, environmental pollution could be considerably reduced.
In some countries there are entire villages where sustainable development is carried out, where houses are nourished by Energy solar, the classification of garbage and recycling in each home is fulfilled at a low table and where the government makes available to people the tools necessary to create awareness and fight for a relationship of respect for the environment.
In the Canary Island "El Hierro", for example, it is expected that in the not too distant future the entire region will be supplied with energy extracted from the sun, wind and tides. It would be a space of 10,000 inhabitants, where even the renewable energy system being built could supply the desalination plants (to obtain energy from the sea) and the deposits of Water potable. A project that may seem idealistic, but that is becoming more real.