The word accent derives from the Latin term accentus, which in turn has its origin in a Greek word. It's about the voice articulation to highlight, with the pronunciation , a syllable of the word. This distinction is produced through a greater intensity or thanks to a higher tone.
In the case of the spoken language, to this relief of the pronunciation It is known as tonal accent . In written texts, the accent can be orthographic and include a accent mark , which is a small oblique line that, in Spanish, goes down from right to left of who reads or writes.
The tilde allows to indicate which is the tonic syllable of the word, which will require greater force in your pronunciation. East orthographic accent It also allows you to distinguish between two words that are written in the same way but that point to different things: "Jumped / jumped", "He / he", "Won / won", "just alone".
On the other hand, not all accents of the Castilian words are indicated by tildes. However, thanks to a series of rules, it is possible to correctly read any word without knowing it; It should be mentioned that in other languages, such as English or Japanese, for example, the exact phonetics of certain terms is not implicit through spelling, so it is essential to memorize it. Returning to Spanish, it is known that:
* acute words carry tilde when they end in 'n', 's' or vowel;
* the bass, when they don't end in 'n', 's' or vowel;
* esdrújulas are the only words that always they have an accent orthographic.
Based on the three points just exposed, let us take as an example the word "knit", from the verb "weave". It is a two-syllable word, which ends with the letter 'n'. Since it does not carry tilde, we can deduce that it is a serious word, so that its accent falls on its first syllable, that is, "you."
The accent also refers to a particular intonation that the speaker uses according to his mood or purpose, or to the phonetic peculiarities that characterize the speakers of a given region. With respect to the last point, it is very interesting to analyze how many different forms most languages present in the different geographical areas where they are spoken.
Castilian, for example, has a wide variety of accents, even within the same country; In Argentina, Salta, Pampas and Cordoba are three considerably different accents, each with its own particular tune, accompanied by regionalisms and gestures that make them look like three Languages independent. The same happens in Spain, where a Malaga, a Madrid and a Barcelona are distinguished by leagues by their way of speaking.
In the music, the accent indicates where the pulse weight falls. In this sense, the accent can appear as a mark within the musical notation, which indicates which note has to be reproduced with greater intensity. However, all scores have an implicit accent, which is deduced by observing the type of measure, indicated at the beginning of each part of the work (if it is a composition such as a piano concert or a symphony) and in each disturbance.
If it is a 2/4 beat (two quarters), it is known that the first beat of each measure must sound more intensity than the second. In this way, if we take a measure with two blacks (considering that black is the figure 4, and in this case each measure consists of 2 black) its correct accentuation is very simple. It is worth mentioning that a very complex melody can be difficult to emphasize at first sight, so it is essential to master the foundations of musical reading.
Finally, in the poetry , he rhythmic accent It is a stylistic resource that appears as a constituent element of the verse.