Regulation is the action and effect of regulating (adjust or tidy up something, regulate the operation of a system , determine standards). The term is usually used as a synonym for regulations.
Regulation, therefore, consists in establishing rules , rules or laws within a certain scope. The purpose of this procedure is to maintain an order, keep track and guarantee the rights of all the members of a community.
Different organizations and institutions are subject to regulation by the State. Those who are regulated should abide by a set of rules already established to avoid committing a foul or a crime. That is why it is important that the authorities carry out adequate control to ensure proper compliance with their current measures.
Some economic sectors or markets that are key to the society They are also subject to regulation. He transport For example, it is usually regulated by the State to guarantee compliance with frequencies, respect for the routes, the rest of the drivers, etc. If transport is not regulated, there is a risk that companies will act solely in defense of their interests and deprive passengers of their rights, being held incommunicado.
He energy sector It is also usually under state regulation. In this case, it is tried that the rates are not exceeded (depriving users of an essential service such as electricity) and that there are no power outages. The regulation also controls, therefore, that companies make the necessary investments to ensure the quality of the service.
In other contexts, one can talk about regulation when it is done an adjustment in the flow of some substance, such as water or gas. Many home heaters have a knob that allows its users to increase or reduce the water pressure to reach the desired temperature without altering the consumption of gas, promoting savings and the responsible and measured use of resources.
Engineering conceives the principle of automatic regulation to control a particular state of a process, as with certain heaters, airplanes whose routes are previously delimited and cars that allow maximum speed to be established. This concept is also known as control theory and focuses his study on the way in which dynamic systems behave (those whose state undergoes an evolution in time), interpreting them as a block with an entry point and an exit point.
It is common for the input to be a signal, both analog and digital, that is perceived at a certain point in that system. Along the intermediate blocks, a defined series of Actions (known as disturbing) directly modify the signal. The results of the regulation that the latter suffers within the system are reflected in the mathematical functions called transfer.
It is known as reference at the exit, at value of the entrance once it has been affected by the mentioned transfer functions. In the event that some of the output variables must follow the magnitude of a reference that changes over time, it is necessary to act as a controller to manipulate the values that enter the system until the desired results are found.
In general, it is said that an automatic regulation system is stable when, every bounded input in any given period of time, produces a bounded output (this is called BIBO stability, from bounded input bounded output). When said bliss is fulfilled condition, it is not possible for a system explode; In other words, if the input is finite, it cannot be that the output tends to infinity, regardless of time.