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When determining the etymological origin of the term championship that we are going to analyze next, we would have to establish that it is in Latin. Specifically emanates from the word campus, which came to refer to what was a battlefield.

A championship is a competition , a contest or a tournament in which a prize is disputed. Who finishes in first place and is winner of the championship is the champion . For example: "The team will have three foreign reinforcements for this championship", "There are two dates left for the end of the championship and there are four sets with the possibility of consecrating", "The French championship was obtained by the Chilean player".

The championships can have a recreational purpose (when disputed by the simple act of playing and competing) or professional (participants win money with his participation in the championship). The champion, on the other hand, can receive from a symbolic recognition to a trophy or an economic prize.

There are various types of championships. Some take place throughout a season, with numerous games or tests that provide wins and points for a general standings. Others, on the other hand, take place in a short time and are defined more quickly.

Within any sports discipline, the most important championships are those that are held worldwide since, by participating athletes from different countries, the one who manages to proclaim himself the winner becomes the most important in the entire planet.

Specifically, among the most significant competitions of this type are the following:
• World athletics championship. In 1983 it was when he began his career, which has a total of fourteen editions and that his next appointments will be in Beijing in 2015 and in London in 2017. The United States and Russia are the two countries that have won the most medals throughout of the history of that, specifically 300 and 244 respectively.
• World Basketball Championship. 1950 was the year in which for the first time was carried out the one in which on each occasion a total of 24 teams compete. Spain, the United States, Brazil or Yugoslavia are some of the nations that have managed to proclaim themselves winners.
• Formula 1 World Championship. One of the sporting competitions that has more followers is, without a doubt, this one that also stands as the most important in the world of motor racing. He began his career in 1950 and since then he has raised pilots like Michael Schumacher, Emerson Fitipaldi or Niki Lauda.

In the case of soccer , there are championships that extend for about a year and that imply that each equipment dispute about thirty or forty matches. Others may last a week (like some summer championships) or a month (like the Soccer World Cup ).

The requirements to participate in a championship depend on the organizing entity and the contest in question. Certain championships are part of a system of different categories, where the champion ascends to the superior (until reaching the first division) and the last one descends. Others require overcoming previous stages of classification (such as Soccer World Cup ) and some work by invitation.

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