Latin is the language in which the etymological origin of the word alliteration that now occupies us is found. Thus, we can establish that it is a term that is composed of three clearly differentiated parts: the prefix ad What does "towards" mean? littera which can be translated as a letter, and the suffix -tion which comes to be determined as "action and effect".
The alliteration it consists, in the tonal languages, in the repetition of a sound . When it is a minor art verse, the repetition must be detected more than once, but in major art verses for there to be alliteration at least three repetitions must be found. It is a frequent resource in tongue twister and in texts created to teach children to pronounce a certain sound.
In prosody, alliteration consists of reiterate the initial consonant at the beginning of two consecutive or barely separated terms . That is, it means repeating consonant sounds when a word begins or in its stressed syllable. For example: “The roar of the branch when it breaks” or “The classic clarinets have already been heard”.
In the poetry , alliteration is understood as a Figure of speech which aims to achieve a sound effect from the repeated repetition of a single phoneme or similar phonemes. On the other hand, alliteration can also suggest images associated with the senses , such as the sound of water or the gallop of a horse.
At present, alliteration is a embellishment in prose and poetry, which pursues an effect of musicality and sonority . However, the alliterative verse was a principle of formal structure and the fundamental resource in the ancient Germanic verse.
Examples of alliteration: "In the silence you only heard / the whisper of the bees that sounded" (belonging to Garcilaso de la Vega ); "Hey the sordid are of the hangover, infamous mob of nocturnal birds" (Luis de Gongora ), "The vague dragonfly of the vague illusion" (Ruben Dario ).
In the first example cited, that of the poet Toledo Garcilaso de la Vega, it should be stressed that alliteration resides in the repeated use of the letter "s", a very subtle and effective way to introduce the sound described, which they perform the bees. A buzz is that of these animals that although it is not written as such if it manages to reach the reader thanks to the splendid use made of the said resource used.
In addition to all of the above, it should be stressed that in many cases, there is a tendency to confuse what is alliteration with another resource called onomatopoeia. However, the difference is very clear and, while the first term is the repetition of phonemes to be able to "evoke" a particular sound, the second concept comes to describe the action of imitation or recreation of the sound of something by means of formation of a specific word.
Thus, among the most frequent examples of words formed to recreate this sound and that are considered onomatopoeia we find: "ring" as a call sign on a telephone, "wow" as a dog bark, "meow" as a cat's meow or "pum" as a shot.