From Latin constitutio, Constitution is the action and effect of constituting (form, found, compose, erect). The constitution is the essence of something that constitutes it as it is and differentiates it from other things . For example: “This table has a solid constitution thanks to the excellent quality of its wood”, "It is a beautiful house in terms of its exterior appearance, but that fails in its constitution, for the materials used", “I am working on the constitution of a commercial company to distribute foreign products in my city”.
The Constitution , written in capital letters, is the set of fundamental rules of a sovereign state , which are usually expressed in writing and set the limits and relationships between the powers of the State and between these and the citizens.
He Executive power , he Legislative power and the Power of attorney , therefore, they act according to the parameters established by the Constitution. This means that the Magna Carta (another name that receives the Constitution) guarantees freedoms and rights of the village.
The violation of the Constitution supposes a blow to the democratic life of a country. Therefore, the dictatorships they usually take as one of their first measures the abolition of the Constitution.
He constitutional right it is the branch of public law that analyzes the fundamental laws that define the State and that govern the form of government .
According to its origin politician, it is possible to distinguish between different types of constitutions:
* granted: they receive this name since the sovereign grants them to the people, in the context of a monarchical state. In this case, the monarch has the power to decide what's best for your people, and it is through the Constitution that it expresses it in writing, together with the recognition of its rights;
* imposed: it is a Constitution that Parliament (understanding as such the political forces of a country, the power groups that merge into a single body) imposes on the monarch. Unlike the previous case, it is the representation of the people that records its needs and wishes to the governor, who has the obligation to consider them. In a nutshell, through the imposed constitutions, society is given the possibility of actively participating in the making of essential decisions;
* agreed: revolve around the idea of consensus; there is no party that grants them or imposes them, since this would undermine their quality as legitimate. These are multilateral documents, which record the will and criteria of two or more members. As with an employment contract, arise from mutual understanding and acceptance of their proposals, and can occur between provinces, counties and other social groups. Its creation implies a higher evolutionary level of politics with respect to the aforementioned types and a strong commitment to the concept of social pact. Even when it occurs in a monarchical state, an agreed constitution recognizes the governed as a sovereign people, and not as subjects;
* approved by the will of the people's sovereignty: this type of constitution is born from society itself. To do this, generally a Assembly, which aims to allow citizens to manifest freely. In this case there is no pact, but it is the product of people's strength, which manages to establish their rights and obligations.
Constitution Finally, it is a city of Province of Talca (Chile ) and a neighborhood of the Buenos aires city (Argentina ) which houses an important railway station.