It is known as market to social institution that arises when a link between bidders (better known as sellers) and eventual plaintiffs (that is, buyers), which interact with the purpose of specifying exchanges, transactions or agreements.
A valueOn the other hand, it is something that has an estimate. The term, in economic or financial sense, is used as a synonym for Title or action (to mention, in this context, the rights as owner that someone treasures in relation to a certain society).
Depending on these definitions, it can be presented to the notion of stock market or stock market as a phrase that describes the capital market that serves as a framework to establish negotiations linked to income, both fixed and variable, through purchase and sale operations focused on any kind of negotiable value.
Both the bidders and the plaintiffs negotiate the securities (which can be from shares or securities to obligations, among others) after accessing reliable information on the statements of the companies. The operation of the stock market allows channeling the saving and the investment .
Securities issuers obtain financial resources from the public offering, while those who buy these securities can achieve earnings either with the resale of the shares or through the collection of dividends (an amount that is paid in proportion to the titles held with the profits generated by the company).
It should be noted that the stock market employs various procedures and systems that guarantee its transparency. In this way, it is assumed that there will be no one who can use their power to distort the price of the securities. It is essential, therefore, that the information circulate freely and be truthful.
The stock market of Tokyo It is the second most important in the world, and the largest in Asia, and is dedicated exclusively to trading shares and securities, both convertible and those that give the right to acquire or subscribe. To conduct its negotiations, it is based on a "system of direction and execution of orders assisted by computer ", known by the acronym CORES. More than 2 thousand companies from all over the world are listed on it, without a doubt highlighting the technological and automobile companies. Among them are the leaders of the manufacture of Honda and Toyota vehicles, the powerful and multifaceted Pioneer and Sony, the manufacturers of electronic components Kyocera, TDK and Fanuc, the leader in digital imaging Canon and security specialists Secom.
In each country there is an entity that is dedicated to supervising the activities of the stock market, such as Spain, for example, and its National Securities Market Commission, which has been in force since 1988. In all cases, it has as main objective ensure the legitimacy of transactions and protect investors. It should be mentioned that the amount of data that must be analyzed to carry out its activities is freely accessible to citizens.
Speaking specifically of the Spanish CNMV, this body carries out an intense international work, which mainly consists of participating in the societies that bring together those who regulate and supervise the securities, such as the International Organization of Securities Commissions, and the groupings that cover various sectors, such as insurance and banking services, both nationally, continentally and globally.
On the other hand, their skills also reach counseling and service provision to national authorities to improve their collaboration with the bodies of the European Union; Through training programs, it ensures an updated look and encourages the various entities of the stock markets to modernize, thus promoting their growth.