Off side , also know as advanced position or offside , is the name by which one is known rule which is applied in the soccer . The offside sanctions a player who, in the context of an offensive situation, is in a position considered as illicit .
It is difficult to explain the operation of this rule, since it is linked to various specific and dynamic circumstances of the game . In general, it can be said that an attacker is offside when he only has the rival goalkeeper ahead facing the opposite goal and the ball is behind its position. In case the player is behind the midfield line, it will be automatically enabled.
If a teammate passes the ball to him and the attacker, on splitting the pass, barely has the rival goalkeeper as a stumbling block, he will be offside, which invalidates the play. Said violation of the regulation is indicated by the assistant referee or line judge who will raise the flag to warn the head referee about the advanced position. Once the infraction is sanctioned, the team that until then defended has a free shot in his favor.
It is important to note that the offside player will only commit infraction when try to participate in the game or gain an advantage of your advanced position . This means that, if a forward is offside but his teammates do not pass the ball, he will not have committed a fault to the regulation.
The purpose of the offside is to prevent a striker from staying all the time. match bet next to the rival arch. Over the years, however, the sanction criteria were modified until they reached their current form.
To enforce this rule, the arbitrator relies heavily on his assistant referee, who is usually located in a position parallel to that of the penultimate defender of the side of the field to which he has been assigned. The assistant referee has a difficult task, since he must pay special attention to attacks and counterattacks, evaluate who are offside each time the ball is played (even if they are at the opposite end of the court) and decide if such play involves to players who are offside.
Without a doubt, the offside arbitration carries an important risk error, which is amplified by the effect of the perspective, which takes place when the assistant referee is not in line with the defending player and his distance with it is very different from that between him and the attacking player. To this is added the speed that professional players can reach in a few seconds, which can significantly alter their position in a very short time. In general, the public does not appreciate this difficulty in detecting the offside.
While the offside is a punishable situation that occurs due to error Of the attacking player, it can also be used as a defensive tactic. Also known as bilge of spaces, the offside tactic is that the defenders advance in a synchronized way when an attacker is about to receive a pass, so that it is placed behind them when they receive the ball, which automatically becomes an infraction.
Very commonly, defenders who use the offside tactics seek to attract the attention of the assistant referee with signs or shouts when they are about to execute their plan, so that the offside can be properly detected. Among football fans there is the idea that the use of this deceptive tactic makes this sport boring and predictable, although this does not mean that it is a risky decision, which can fail and give a advantage considerable to the attackers.