Otitis It is a term that comes from the Greek language and refers to a ear swelling .
There are several causes that can lead to someone suffering from otitis. However, among the most frequent would be the malfunction and damage of the so-called Eustachian tube, allergic problems, respiratory tract infections, germs, trauma, tonsillitis or teething problems.
In the same way we cannot ignore the fact that among the symptoms that, more accurately and clearly, may indicate that someone is suffering from an otitis problem are the following: fever, irritability, earaches, vertigo, suppuration through the ear, facial paralysis ...
Children are usually one of the population groups that are most often affected by otitis, especially those who have some type of acquired immunodeficiency, those who go to schools and also those who have various types of anatomical changes which is the rhinopharyngeal area.
Among the curiosities that have been discovered in the matter of the relationship between otitis and the affectation of the infant population, the fact that it is known that children who are fed with breast milk have a lower risk of suffering from the aforementioned disease than those who they are not.
When diagnosing an otitis, medical professionals carry out a series of actions. Among them would be the well-known physical examination, specifically otoscopic type, and the audiometric examination. In this way, a treatment can be established that, as a rule, usually consists of antibiotic intake.
According to its anatomical location, a distinction can be made between otitis externa and the otitis media or internal .
Otitis externa is the inflammation of the external ear canal ; that is, it does not pass beyond the drum membrane. It is usually caused by a bacterial infection that can be acute circumscribed from the external auditory canal, acute diffuse, chronic or invasive.
Otitis media or internal affects the middle ear (the eardrum and the eustachian tube). It is common for this inflammation to be accompanied by respiratory diseases , as the rhinosinusitis .
The evolution of disorder allows to divide otitis media into acute otitis media (which lasts less than four weeks), subacute otitis (extends between four and eight weeks) and chronic otitis (it remains for more than eight weeks).
Chronic otitis media, therefore, is the most serious of these inflammations. Can be suppurative (includes mesotympanic perforation with abundant but not foul suppuration), cholesteatomous (with a perforation of the epitympanum and fetid suppuration) or tuberculous (with irregular and multiple perforations).
It is important to keep in mind that a bad evolution of otitis media can lead to severe diseases such as meningitis , the labyrinthitis and the Facial paralysis . If you have an ear disorder, you should see an otolaryngologist, who can prescribe ear drops, analgesics, anti-inflammatories or antibiotics (oral or by injection), according to what you deem appropriate.