The first step to discover the meaning of the term social security that now concerns us is to establish its etymological origin. Specifically, we can determine that the first word that shapes it, sure, comes from Latin and more exactly from the word securus which can be translated as "quiet." It is an adjective fruit of the sum of the prefix he- and of the noun cure which is synonymous with "care or concern."
The second word of this term, social, also has its etymological origin in Latin. In your case it comes from the name socius which can be determined which means "partner".
He social Security is a Program that finances or administers the government to meet the basic needs of people without resources . They are usually aimed at those who live in poverty, the disabled, large families and the elderly.
The notion of social security is born in Germany when the chancellor Otto von Bismarck boosted the Health Insurance Law in 1883 . In U.S , the concept began to become popular with the Social Security Act from 1935 .
According to the definition provided by the International Labor Organization (ILO) , social security is the protection that the society provides all its members, through different public measures.
The benefits of social security are integral and inalienable. He State He is obliged to grant these benefits and cannot leave the attention to private enterprises.
In other words, the State must promote the mandatory mutual aid system that offers coverage to citizens in different situations, such as the loss of work capacity or the inability to generate income to meet their basic needs.
In the case of Spain, the Social Security regime has its origin in 1883, is currently regulated by article 41 of the Constitution and is divided into two sub-regimes. Thus, in the first place we find the general thanks to which it is possible to protect, help and protect groups such as hospitality professionals, household employees, agricultural workers or various discontinuous permanent employees.
Second, there is a network of various special regimes that are responsible for helping and protecting professionals who, due to their place of work or the conditions in which they carry out their activity, need more specific support. Among these would be civil-type officials, self-employed or self-employed workers, and employees whose work is the sea.
The social security function is to protect people from the unforeseen circumstances of the job and of natural events such as births, diseases, death or others. The benefits can be provided directly by the State or by committing this to society in general.
It should be noted that it is known as social charges to the events that generate economic needs that require attention for the loss of work or for the emergence of additional expenses.