The Latin term servus became, in Spanish, in servant . The concept is used, according to the dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE ), to name the slave which is at the service of a lord.
Despite this definition, it is often differentiated between the servant and the slave . The servant received from lord feudal a house and land to work and could keep a percentage of the crop. Besides, by law, he was a free man. The slave, on the other hand, was a property of his master.
In addition to all of the above, we cannot ignore the fact that there was another series of differences between servant and slave that historians insist on leaving patents so that we are not mistaken using both words as synonyms. Specifically, these other hallmarks of each other are clear:
-The slave was seen by the lord as mere merchandise. Hence, he could sell it, give it away and even exchange it for a debt if he considered it appropriate. Actions all of them before which the aforementioned slave could not do anything.
-The servant, meanwhile, could not be sold or bought.
The figure of the servant was frequent in the feudal regime . It was then an institution that enshrined a social bond known as servitude , which united a peasant (the servant) with a nobleman (the feudal lord) through the services that the former provided to the latter. The Lord, on the other hand, paid the servant for such faithfulness.
In the context of the religion , the servants are the faithful that fulfill the mandates of a doctrine and follow a certain authority. In this case, the denomination of a servant is associated with humility and compliance with the believer.
It is also interesting to know that in the “Bible” the use of the expression is used the servant of Yahweh who expresses himself to refer to whom Yahweh, as an “honorary title”, chooses to accompany him in what is the achievement of his design.
In certain religions, it is qualified as God's servant to those people whose faith has extraordinary characteristics. Catholicism, for example, names as God's servant to the subject that starts his way to his possible beatification and then at canonization .
Within the literary field we can highlight the existence of a long list of works that have used the term servant in their titles. An example is the novel "Servant without land", published in 1985 and written by Eduardo Caballero Calderón. It tells the story of a peasant who responds to the name of Servant Joya and who works hard to survive. However, he will not have it easy because his political ideas will clash with those of the ruling power, which will do everything in his power to dispossess the peasants of their lands.
Servant, finally, may be the adjective which is given to an individual who evidences respect or submission to another: "The gangster sent his servants to intimidate the neighbors".