The silicon concept that concerns us now can determine that it comes, etymologically speaking, from the Latin term silicium which in turn emanates from another word: flint, which is a stone that is identified by its great hardness and that is chemically defined by the following composition: SIO2.
In addition to the above we can underline the fact that this term silicon, which can be established as a neologism, was coined in the early nineteenth century. Specifically, it was in 1808 when the British chemist Humphry Davy proceeded to determine that word as he did with others such as aluminum, potassium, magnesium, calcium or fluorine.
It is known as silicon to the chemical element which, according to experts, corresponds to the atomic number 14 . It is one of the most abundant elements of the Earth's crust, only surpassed by the oxygen . It is possible to find it in amorphous variants or in a crystallized way.
Thanks to its semiconductor properties, silicon is very useful in the field of electronics. Its derivatives, on the other hand, have multiple uses.
In its crystalline form, silicon is hard and poorly soluble, has a grayish color and a metallic luster. This element reacts with diluted halogens and alkalis, and is resistant to the action of a large amount of acids.
As an amorphous powder, silicon is obtained by heating the silicon dioxide with a reducing agent and has enough hardness to scratch a glass.
It should be noted that it does not exist in the free state, but always appears in the form of silicon dioxide (which is the essential component of sand) or as a complex silicate. With a relative density of 2.33, its melting point is 1,411 ° C and its boiling point is 2,355 ° C,
It is important to underline that silicon, which appears in small quantities in our body, has an important number of benefits for our health. Thus, experts in the field do not hesitate to underline the fact that it protects us from what are cardiovascular diseases, helps us reduce the levels of so-called bad cholesterol (LDL) and also helps us regulate what is blood pressure
In the same way, among its most important benefits, it should also be noted that its presence in the body is essential so that we have some tendons and muscles that are in perfect condition.
When someone has a deficiency of this substance in their body, it should be stressed that three are usually the fundamental causes: they make a poor and unhealthy diet, abuse in excess of what are refined or processed products, and are aging.
It is possible to find silicon in chips from computers , phones and other electronic devices, in the bricks that are used for construction, such as Refracting Material in ceramics, like fertilizer in agriculture, in lasers , in the silicones which are used for cosmetic surgeries and in the manufacture of glass , for example.
It is important to mention that the inhalation of silica dust can cause silicosis , a disease irreversible pulmonary character that can be chronic, accelerated or acute.